Tara Karamlou, M.D.

Assistant Professor of Surgery
Division of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery 

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  • University of Washington, B.S. with Honor in Biology, Magna Cum Laude, 1994
  • Baylor College of Medicine, MD with High Honor, 1999
  • Oregon Health and Science University, General Surgery 2008
  • University of Michigan, Cardiothoracic Surgery, 2009
  • Oregon Health and Science University, Cardiothoracic Surgery, 2010
  • Seattle Children's Hospital, Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, 2011
  • Hospital for Sick Children (CHSS Data Center), Research Fellow, 2006
  • Nina Braunwald Research Fellowship, Thoracic Surgery Foundation for Research and Education, 2002 – 2004 
  • John W. Kirklin/Ashburn Congenital Heart Surgeons Society Fellow, 2004 – 2006.
  • Seattle Children's Hospital, Congenital Cardiac Surgery Fellow, 2012
  • American Board of Thoracic Surgery, Thoracic and Cardiac Surgery
  • American Board of Thoracic Surgery, Congenital Cardiac Surgery
  • UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital
  • UCSF Pediatric Heart Center
  • Arterial Switch
  • Atrial Septal Defect
  • Atrioventricular Heart Block
  • Congenital Mitral Disease
  • Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome
  • Marfan Syndrome
  • Mechanical Cardiac Assist
  • Neonatal Cardiac Surgery
  • Norwood Procedure
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus
  • Pediatric Heart Failure
  • Single Ventricle Palliation
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Transposition of Great Arteries
  • Ventricular Assist Devices (VAD)
  • Ventricular Septal Defect
  • Adult congenital heart disease
  • Health policy
  • Outcomes research
  • Quality initiatives

Tara Karamlou, M.D is a pediatric cardiac surgeon and Assistant Professor of Surgery
at UCSF. She is board-certified by the American Board of Thoracic Surgery in Thoracic and Cardiac Surgery as well as Congenital Cardiac Surgery.

Dr. Karamlou received her M.D. from Baylor College of Medicine with High Honor. She completed General Surgery residency at Oregon Health Science University and cardiothoracic surgery at the University of Michigan. She has extensive research experience in the field of clinical outcomes and is finalizing her Masters' Degree in Biostatistics at the University of Toronto.

During her general surgery residency, Dr. Karamlou received the prestigious Nina Braunwald fellowship from the Thoracic Surgery Foundation for Research and Education. She was also awarded the John Kirklin Fellowship with the Congenital Heart Surgeons' Society at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Canada. She has received numerous awards from national societies, including the Hawley Seiler Resident Award both in 2004 and 2007 and the J. Maxwell Chamberlain Award from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons.

Dr. Karamlou completed her pediatric cardiac surgery fellowship at Seattle Children's Hospital and was on faculty at Seattle Children's Hospital prior to her recruitment to UCSF in 2012. Since joining the faculty, Dr. Karamlou helped to conceive and implement a home monitoring program to improve outcomes for patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, which is now in its 2nd year.

Dr. Karamlou also has developed a Standardized Clinical Care Algorithm for adults with congenital heart disease, which will improve the efficiency and quality of care for ACHD patients having surgery at UCSF. She has also operationalized a didactic educational program for the cardiothoracic residents and fellows, and mentors several students and fellows in the department of surgery, cardiology, and pediatrics.

Dr. Karamlou has received multiple grants for her work in development of miniaturized circuitry for pediatric extracorporeal circuits and evaluation of long-term functional health status in single ventricle lesions. She has published over 75 peer-reviewed publications in the field of pediatric cardiac surgery and has authored 10 book chapters.

Dr. Karamlou's research and clinical interests are directed at quality improvement and health policy directives in pediatric cardiac surgery, single ventricle lesions, as well as adult congenital heart disease. She has been focused on the volume-outcomes relationships in congenital cardiac surgery and the use of large datasets to answer clinical questions. She is a member of several committees directing research endeavors within the Society of Thoracic Surgeons' Congenital Heart Surgery Database, and directs three national research studies for the Society of Thoracic Surgeons.

Dr. Karamlou is an active member of the research community, both locally and nationally. She regularly attends Work Weekends in Toronto, CA, at the Congenital Heart Surgeons' Society Data Center, where she and her colleagues formulate and implement multi-institutional prospective studies investigating outcomes in children with complex congenital heart disease. She recently was the PI in a funded prospective trial in children with PAIVS, and presented the data at the American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Dr. Karamlou participates in the STS National Database, both as a member of the Access and Publications Committee and as a member of the Linked Registry Proposals and Longitudinal Taskforce. She currently has three active protocols under way with the STS National Congenital Database. One particular proposal is a prospective multi-institutional study investigating outcomes of transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement versus surgical replacement. This study involves the STS Congenital and Adult Cardiac Databases.

Most recent publications from a total of 94
  1. Karamlou T. Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for patients with single-ventricle anatomy: A registry report. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Jun; 151(6):1446-7. View in PubMed
  2. Karamlou T. "Got mentorship?". J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Jun; 151(6):1460-1. View in PubMed
  3. Jacobs JP, Mayer JE, Mavroudis C, O'Brien SM, Austin EH, Pasquali SK, Hill KD, He X, Overman DM, St Louis JD, Karamlou T, Pizarro C, Hirsch-Romano JC, McDonald D, Han JM, Dokholyan RS, Tchervenkov CI, Lacour-Gayet F, Backer CL, Fraser CD, Tweddell JS, Elliott MJ, Walters H, Jonas RA, Prager RL, Shahian DM, Jacobs ML. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database: 2016 Update on Outcomes and Quality. Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Mar; 101(3):850-62. View in PubMed
  4. Kogon B, Karamlou T, Baumgartner W, Merrill W, Backer C. Congenital cardiac surgery fellowship training: A status update. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Jun; 151(6):1488-95. View in PubMed
  5. O'Brien SM, Jacobs JP, Pasquali SK, Gaynor JW, Karamlou T, Welke KF, Filardo G, Han JM, Kim S, Shahian DM, Jacobs ML. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database Mortality Risk Model: Part 1-Statistical Methodology. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Sep; 100(3):1054-62. View in PubMed
  6. Jacobs JP, O'Brien SM, Pasquali SK, Gaynor JW, Mayer JE, Karamlou T, Welke KF, Filardo G, Han JM, Kim S, Quintessenza JA, Pizarro C, Tchervenkov CI, Lacour-Gayet F, Mavroudis C, Backer CL, Austin EH, Fraser CD, Tweddell JS, Jonas RA, Edwards FH, Grover FL, Prager RL, Shahian DM, Jacobs ML. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database Mortality Risk Model: Part 2-Clinical Application. Ann Thorac Surg. 2015 Sep; 100(3):1063-70. View in PubMed
  7. Bagiella E, Karamlou T, Chang H, Spivack J. Instrumental variable methods in clinical research. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Oct; 150(4):779-82. View in PubMed
  8. Karamlou T, Peyvandi S. Hybrid versus Norwood: "Fifty shades of grey". J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Sep; 150(3):456-7. View in PubMed
  9. Karamlou T, Oishi P. Glucose metabolism after pediatric cardiac surgery: Too many sweets will ruin your appetite. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Sep; 150(3):505-6. View in PubMed
  10. Wilder TJ, McCrindle BW, Phillips AB, Blackstone EH, Rajeswaran J, Williams WG, DeCampli WM, Jacobs JP, Jacobs ML, Karamlou T, Kirshbom PM, Lofland GK, Ziemer G, Hickey EJ. Survival and right ventricular performance for matched children after stage-1 Norwood: Modified Blalock-Taussig shunt versus right-ventricle-to-pulmonary-artery conduit. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Dec; 150(6):1440-1452.e8. View in PubMed
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